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Cited by 113 publications
(35 citation statements)
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References 23 publications
(35 reference statements)
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“…In general, PDFs of soot volume fraction at all locations behave as clipped-Gaussian distributions, with significant zero-clipping. As zero-clipping is an indication of intermittency, this finding suggests that soot volume fraction is a highly intermittent scalar, which is consistent with the localized features of soot observed from instantaneous LII images and is also consistent with recent results reported for a turbulent jet flame fueled with natural gas [93]. Figure 32 shows the PDFs at various axial locations.…”
Section: Jet Flame Measurements: Soot Volume Fractionsupporting
confidence: 79%
“…In general, PDFs of soot volume fraction at all locations behave as clipped-Gaussian distributions, with significant zero-clipping. As zero-clipping is an indication of intermittency, this finding suggests that soot volume fraction is a highly intermittent scalar, which is consistent with the localized features of soot observed from instantaneous LII images and is also consistent with recent results reported for a turbulent jet flame fueled with natural gas [93]. Figure 32 shows the PDFs at various axial locations.…”
Section: Jet Flame Measurements: Soot Volume Fractionsupporting
confidence: 79%
“…Shaddix et al [9,10] exploited these combined measurements to produce a popular database of quantitative soot measurements in laminar hydrocarbon diffusion flames. The same technique was also applied by other researchers in the investigations of various flames, such as laminar diffusion flames [11][12][13], laminar premixed flames [14][15][16] and turbulent diffusion flames [17][18][19][20].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…This feature has been noted in various experimental studies [19,20,43] and is explained by the persisting low values of scalar dissipation rate in the core of the rollers, compared with the high-strain braid regions [22]. Soot particles nucleate in regions of abundant naphthalene and continue to grow by condensation of aromatic molecules on their surface.…”
Section: (A) Overview Of the Flamementioning
confidence: 86%
“…Depending on the flow configuration, soot aggregates may lose mass due to the attack of molecular oxygen and hydroxyl radical onto the carbon. As indicated by experimental [19,20] and computational [21][22][23][24] studies, the formation and growth of soot in flames is affected strongly by turbulence, leading to 'soot-turbulence-chemistry interaction'.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%