2023
DOI: 10.3390/math11183815
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Solving the Problem of Reducing the Audiences’ Favor toward an Educational Institution by Using a Combination of Hard and Soft Operations Research Approaches

Wenjing Xu,
Seyyed Ahmad Edalatpanah,
Ali Sorourkhah

Abstract: Because of hyper-complexity, a difficulty to define, multiple stakeholders with conflicting perspectives, and a lack of clear-cut solutions, wicked problems necessitate innovative and adaptive strategies. Operations research (OR) has been a valuable tool for managers to make informed decisions for years. However, as we face increasingly complex and messy problems, it has become apparent that relying solely on either hard or soft OR approaches is no longer sufficient. We need to explore more innovative methodol… Show more

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Cited by 2 publications
(1 citation statement)
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“…It is important to note that the performance of a group engaged in collective problem-solving does not merely reflect the sum or aggregation of individual abilities and expertise. Instead, within this collaborative problem-solving framework, group members significantly influence each other as they interact during tasks, such as studying [8][9][10], recalling information [11,12], making plans or decisions [13,14], and proposing innovative solutions [15][16][17]. It is reasonable to assert that the performance of collective problemsolving arises from intricate and dynamic social interactions among group members [18][19][20][21][22][23].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…It is important to note that the performance of a group engaged in collective problem-solving does not merely reflect the sum or aggregation of individual abilities and expertise. Instead, within this collaborative problem-solving framework, group members significantly influence each other as they interact during tasks, such as studying [8][9][10], recalling information [11,12], making plans or decisions [13,14], and proposing innovative solutions [15][16][17]. It is reasonable to assert that the performance of collective problemsolving arises from intricate and dynamic social interactions among group members [18][19][20][21][22][23].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%