PLoS ONE volume 9, issue 6, Pe98278 2014 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098278 View full text
James H. Stein, Asha Asthana, Stevens S. Smith, Megan E. Piper, Wei-Yin Loh, Michael C. Fiore, Timothy B. Baker

Abstract: Weight gain after smoking cessation may increase diabetes mellitus and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) risk. This study evaluated associations between smoking cessation and continued smoking with incident diabetes and IFG three years after a quit attempt. The 1504 smokers (58% female) were mean (standard deviation) 44.7 (11.1) years old and smoked 21.4 (8.9) cigarettes/day. Of 914 participants with year 3 data, the 238 abstainers had greater weight gain, increase in waist circumference, and increase in fasting …

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