Eur. J. Chem. volume 2, issue 1, P83-93 2011 DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.2.1.83-93.191
Kamal Shakir, Hussein Fouad Ghoneimy, Ibtisam Tadros Hennawy, Ahmed Faouzy Elkafrawy, Shokry Gad Elrab Beheir, Mamdoh Refaat
Abstract: KEYWORDSThe simultaneous removal of cationic radionuclides, 137 Cs(I), 60 Co(II) and 152+154 Eu(III), and a chemically toxic anionic pollutant, the analytical reagent chromotrope 2B (C2B), from simulated mixed radioactive process wastewater (MRPWW) has been investigated using bentonite modified with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide. Modification was confirmed by elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy. Bentonite partially modified to 78% of the cation exchange capacity (PMB) was found capable to adsorb adequately both C2B and the radionuclides from aqueous solutions. Detailed batch kinetics and isotherm studies for removal of C2B singly and the radionuclides simultaneously were performed. The C2B and radionuclides kinetics conform to pseudo-first-order rate equation and the adsorption isotherms are treated with Freundlich and Langmuir models. Thermodynamic parameters were evaluated. Results suggest physisorption and ion-exchange as the principal uptake mechanism for C2B and the radionuclides, respectively. High simultaneous removal was obtained for C2B (≈ 100%) and each of the test radionuclides (>99%) from the simulated MRPWW.CTAB-bentonite Chromotrope 2B Radionuclides Adsorption Radioactive wastewater Wastewater treatment
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