2009
DOI: 10.1177/0885328209349316 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: A modified titanium surface, anodized after being discharged in electrolytes, provides antibacterial activity against oral bacteria as well as osteoconductivity. However, the mechanism of this antibacterial effect against oral bacteria is still unclear. This study aims to investigate whether it is the chloride or the hydrophilicity properties of the anodized titanium, which is effective against the oral bacteria. Titanium plates are anodized in various electrolytes with or without chloride and are characterize… Show more

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“…Additionally, ion-implanted surfaces may act bactericidally, as the ions may inhibit bacterial metabolism. [52,53,[55][56][57][58][59][60][61][62][63]136] To this date, a single ion candidate has been extensively tested in clinical trials with good clinical outcome despite gradual leaching over time: iodine-supported titanium implants as described initially by Shirai et al [60] Chemical modification of anodically oxidized titanium by incorporation of ions reduces growth of biofilm in one, two and three species models of E. coli [137], P. gingivalis [65], Strep. mutans [66], S. aureus [67] and A. acti nomycetemcomitans.…”
Section: Ion-implanted Surfacesmentioning
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“…Additionally, ion-implanted surfaces may act bactericidally, as the ions may inhibit bacterial metabolism. [52,53,[55][56][57][58][59][60][61][62][63]136] To this date, a single ion candidate has been extensively tested in clinical trials with good clinical outcome despite gradual leaching over time: iodine-supported titanium implants as described initially by Shirai et al [60] Chemical modification of anodically oxidized titanium by incorporation of ions reduces growth of biofilm in one, two and three species models of E. coli [137], P. gingivalis [65], Strep. mutans [66], S. aureus [67] and A. acti nomycetemcomitans.…”
Section: Ion-implanted Surfacesmentioning
“…Additionally, ion-implanted surfaces may act bactericidally, as the ions may inhibit bacterial metabolism [108][109][110][111][113][114][115][116][117][118] . Chemical modification of anodically oxidized titanium by incorporation of ions reduces growth of biofilm in one, two and three species models of E. coli 164) , P. gingivalis 131) , S. mutans 125) , S. aureus 165) and A. acti nomycetemcomitans 110,111,119) . Bacterial counts on ionimplanted surfaces were reduced by 55-80% compared to pure titanium 111) .…”
Section: Anodically Oxidized/ Ion-implanted Surfacesmentioning
“…In addition, an enhanced antibacterial activity and cell compatibility were attributed to titanium plates anodized by discharging in Cl salts solutions (NaCl, KCl, MgCl 2 ): the functionalization was ascribed to the surface formation of granular TiCl 3 deposits and their slow hydrolyzing into HClO, whose peroxidation effects produce the antibacterial effect. The concomitant formation of TiO and anatase enhances cell adhesion and proliferation probably because of a larger adsorption of fibronectin (122)(123)(124).…”
Section: Enhancement Of Biocompatibility and Osseointegrationmentioning