volume 49, issue 2, P129-140 2007
DOI: 10.1002/jctb.280490204
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Abstract: Abstract Lactic acid model solutions and fermentation broths were concentrated using a tubular thin‐film composite reverse osmosis membrane. Flux increased linearly with applied transmembrane pressure and was relatively unaffected by flow rate. Osmotic pressures of 1% lactate solutions were 280–560 kPa, depending on the pH or degree of dissociation. Rejections increased with applied pressure. Higher pH caused a slight decrease in flux (due in part to the higher osmotic pressure) and a significant increase in …

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