Journal of the American Statistical Association volume 82, issue 398, P476-484 1987 DOI: 10.1080/01621459.1987.10478450 View full text
Roger J. Bowden

Abstract: The generation and public dissemination of information from surveys or polls may be expected to modify or condition the private attitudes or intentions it is hoped to measure. Thus the application of statistics to human affairs is often characterized by a reactivity or reflexivity that may even negate its findings or predictions. Bandwagon, funding, or floating voter effects arising from the publication of political polls are well known. Forecasts of expected visitor numbers for major events may exert a depre…

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