We present two systems, reliable sockets (rocks) and reliable packets (racks), that provide transparent network connection mobility using only user-level mechanisms. Each system can detect a connection failure within seconds of its occurrence, preserve the endpoint of a failed connection in a suspended state for an arbitrary period of time, and automatically reconnect, even when one end of the connection changes IP address, with correct recovery of in-flight data. To allow rocks and racks to interoperate with…
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