volume 29, issue 2, P189-191 2014
DOI: 10.3109/02688697.2014.976177
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Abstract: Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a chronic progressive cerebrovascular disease, which can be divided into three types: ischemic, hemorrhagic, and asymptomatic. Hemorrhagic MMD has attracted considerable attention due to its distinctive imaging features and the controversy over the treatment. This report presents a comprehensive review of the literature on hemorrhagic MMD, focusing on the epidemiological characteristics, etiology and pathogenesis, imaging features, predictors of hemorrhage, and treatment options and t…

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