DOI: 10.1016/j.wnsx.2019.100067
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Abstract: IntroductionWe reviewed the literature on interventions for patients with medically refractory chronically occluded internal carotid artery (COICA) to assess the risks and/or benefits after recanalization via an endovascular technique (ET) or hybrid surgery (HS, i.e., ET plus carotid endarterectomy).MethodsA systematic search of the electronic databases was performed. Patients with COICA were classified into 4 different categories according to Hasan et al classification.ResultsEighteen studies satisfied the in…

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