The performance of a system depends heavily on the communication speed between integrated circuits. Single-ended signaling is widely used for memory interface, but it suffers from simultaneous switching noise, crosstalk, and reference voltage noise. Even with other signaling schemes that remedy the shortcomings of the singled-ended signaling, there still is a limitation in terms of noise reduction due to the power delivery network (PDN). These include techniques such as differential signaling. The disruption …
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