AbstractChildren with severe vesicoureteric reflux were allocated randomly to either operative or non-operative treatment and followed up. Altogether 161 children were observed for two years, of whom 104 were followed up for five years. Reflux was abolished in 98% ofureters reimplanted, but more than half ofthe patients treated non-operatively continued to show severe reflux at five years. Two patients progressed to end stage renal failure, and a further four with extensive bilateral renal scarring became hyp…
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