2009
DOI: 10.1590/s0037-86822009000500006
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Primeira descrição epidemiológica da leishmaniose visceral em Campo Grande, Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul

Abstract: A leishmaniose visceral é uma doença emergente e negligenciada 31 que apresenta ampla distribuição em países de clima tropical e subtropical 2 12 . Estima-se que anualmente ocorram cerca de 500 mil casos novos da doença. Brasil, Bangladesh, Índia e Sudão contribuem com 90% dos casos 31 . O agente etiológico da leishmaniose visceral no Brasil é o protozoário Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi 8 que é transmitido ao homem por meio da picada de flebotomíneos fêmeas da espécie Lutzomyia longipalpis 2 29 . O protozoár… Show more

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Cited by 41 publications
(45 citation statements)
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References 17 publications
(7 reference statements)
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“…The highest prevalence rate (47.7%) of VL infection in children ≤ 5 years old was reported in other region of Brazil 16,17 , with similarly high prevalence rates reported in other countries [18][19][20] , and it could refl ect increased exposure to sandfl ies 20 . In our study, there were two cases of VL in pregnant patients who transmitted the disease congenitally to their infants 21 .…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 81%
“…The highest prevalence rate (47.7%) of VL infection in children ≤ 5 years old was reported in other region of Brazil 16,17 , with similarly high prevalence rates reported in other countries [18][19][20] , and it could refl ect increased exposure to sandfl ies 20 . In our study, there were two cases of VL in pregnant patients who transmitted the disease congenitally to their infants 21 .…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 81%
“…In studies conducted by Mestre and Fontes and Botelho and Natal, the age group that was most affected by VL was also children under 10 years of age, and a predominance of males with VL was also observed (11) (12) . According to Borges, the risk of VL is 109.77-fold higher in children under 10 years of age compared to other age groups, and the risk is 2.57-fold higher in males than in females (13) .…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 94%
“…Prior studies have presented data regarding the epidemiology of VL, however the analyses were performed based on municipality 9,10 or state 11,12 and based on hospital data 13,14 . One study examined the mortality of VL in Brazil 3 with another focused on the prediction of VL in Brazil 15 .…”
Section: Visceral Leishmaniasis (Vl) Is Classified As a Neglectedmentioning
confidence: 99%