2015
DOI: 10.1590/1516-4446-2014-1596
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Prevalence of behavior problems and associated factors in preschool children from the city of Salvador, state of Bahia, Brazil

Abstract: Objective: To identify the prevalence of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems among preschoolers from the city of Salvador, state of Bahia, Brazil, and their associations with maternal mental health and family characteristics. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 349 children aged 49 to 72 months, randomly selected from 20,000 households representing the range of socioeconomic and environmental conditions in Salvador. In 1999, we assessed sociodemographic variables and family environment c… Show more

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Cited by 24 publications
(15 citation statements)
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References 42 publications
(55 reference statements)
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“…Furthermore the prevalence estimates of our study are in line with other studies conducted in Brazil (23.5%), India (23.3) and Sri Lanka (13.8%) where rating scales like the CBCL were used. [13][14][15] It is important to note that our results for prevalence of conduct and emotional problems are also in line with the previous studies mentioned similar findings for these dimensions are reported. Findings of a recent study using the data of two national surveys from Australia also show that the overall prevalence of mental disorders is 11%, which has not been changed over time.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 93%
See 2 more Smart Citations
“…Furthermore the prevalence estimates of our study are in line with other studies conducted in Brazil (23.5%), India (23.3) and Sri Lanka (13.8%) where rating scales like the CBCL were used. [13][14][15] It is important to note that our results for prevalence of conduct and emotional problems are also in line with the previous studies mentioned similar findings for these dimensions are reported. Findings of a recent study using the data of two national surveys from Australia also show that the overall prevalence of mental disorders is 11%, which has not been changed over time.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 93%
“…However, the authors state that the geographic location and the time did not contribute significantly to this variation in the prevalence estimates. Furthermore the prevalence estimates of our study are in line with other studies conducted in Brazil (23.5%), India (23.3) and Sri Lanka (13.8%) where rating scales like the CBCL were used . It is important to note that our results for prevalence of conduct and emotional problems are also in line with the previous studies mentioned similar findings for these dimensions are reported.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 92%
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“…The lives of millions of people around the world are affected by behavioral problems, but it is studied less than anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, mood disorders and is also rated lower 15 than drug or alcohol addiction. Variable prevalence of behavior problems has been reported from Brazil 16 (15%) and India (12.6%) in various settings. The prevalence was 18,19 significantly higher among the boys, while no significant differences among urban slums, urban middle class and 21 rural areas.…”
Section: Long-lastingmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The incidence of behavioral disorders in Karachi, Pakistan, Leipzig, Germany, Malaysia, and China has been reported as 34.4% (11), 16.0% (12), 15.0% (13), and 10.5% (14), respectively. In addition, this rate was reported as 20.6% and 34.7% in Egypt from the viewpoint of parents and teachers, respectively (15), 3.5% among the Ethiopian children (16), 18.6% and 15.2%, respectively, in urban and rural areas in the United States (10), and 23.5% in Salvador, Brazil (17). The incidence of behavioral disorders in a study in Iran in the whole country was reported as 42.1% among children and adolescents (6).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%