2019
DOI: 10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0088
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Prevalence of and pathways to benzodiazepine use in Brazil: the role of depression, sleep, and sedentary lifestyle

Abstract: Objective:This study aimed to determine the prevalence of benzodiazepine (BZD) use in Brazil and to investigate the direct and indirect effects of alcohol consumption, sedentary lifestyle (SL), depressive symptoms (DS), and sleep dissatisfaction (SD) on BZD use.Methods:The Second Brazilian Alcohol and Drugs Survey (II BNADS) used stratified cluster probabilistic sampling to select 4,607 individuals aged 14 years and older from the Brazilian household population.Results:The lifetime and 12-month prevalence of B… Show more

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Cited by 24 publications
(29 citation statements)
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References 43 publications
(45 reference statements)
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“… 4 In a study assessing the prevalence of BZD use in the Brazilian population, women aged 40+, separated/divorced, and with higher education and income had higher lifetime use prevalence rates. 38 Except for marital status, this profile is compatible with what was observed in the current study. The long duration of use, large percentage of participants reporting medical follow-up, and consumption of low daily doses characterizes our sample as low-dose dependent.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 91%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“… 4 In a study assessing the prevalence of BZD use in the Brazilian population, women aged 40+, separated/divorced, and with higher education and income had higher lifetime use prevalence rates. 38 Except for marital status, this profile is compatible with what was observed in the current study. The long duration of use, large percentage of participants reporting medical follow-up, and consumption of low daily doses characterizes our sample as low-dose dependent.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
confidence: 91%
“…Our In a study assessing the prevalence of BZD use in the Brazilian population, women aged 40+, separated/ divorced, and with higher education and income had higher lifetime use prevalence rates. 38 Although originally marketed as safer alternatives…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Several studies have found a relationship between sleep disorders, low sleep quality, and relapse of substance abuse [19,20]. For example, in addition to the low quality of sleep among caffeine or nicotine addicts [21], recent studies have found a high prevalence of sleep dissatisfaction among sedative abusers [22].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…In 2017, more than 1.5 million benzodiazepines prescriptions were dispensed in Colorado, the second most common class of controlled substances, according to the Colorado Prescription Drug Monitoring Program [ 1 ]. Benzodiazepine use is common in Colorado, the U.S., and in other countries, though how use is measured and reported varies in the literature, and use is more common in older ages and women [ 2 7 ]. In 2008, 5.2% of U.S. adults ages 18–80 years old filled a benzodiazepine prescription [ 3 ].…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%