J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 2020 DOI: 10.1029/2019jd031919 View full text
Jian Rao, Chaim I. Garfinkel, Ian P. White

Abstract: Abstract Using the real‐time predictions from 11 models, this study analyzes the prediction of the downward propagation and surface impact of the 2018 and 2019 sudden stratospheric warmings (SSWs). These two SSWs differed both in their morphology types (2018: split; 2019: displacement followed by split) and magnitudes (the former being stronger). With a large sample size (>2,200) of multimodel ensemble forecasts, it is revealed that the strength of the SSW is more important than the vortex morphology in deter…

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