2017
DOI: 10.1590/1809-4392201602663 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: This paper examines changes over time for a full generation of migrant settlers in the Northern Ecuadorian Amazon (NEA). Data were collected from a 2014 household survey covering a subsample of households surveyed previously in 1990 and 1999. We observed changes in demographic behavior, land use, forest cover, and living conditions. As the frontier develops, human fertility is continuing to decline with contraceptive prevalence rising. Meanwhile, out-migration from colonist households, largely to destinations … Show more

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“…Furthermore, the amount of land devoted to agricultural uses is still small (7.6 ha per household) in the SBR. These patterns of small-scale farming are consistent with previous research [52,[66][67][68], which reported similar values for other areas in the EAR.…”
Section: Small-scale Agriculture In the Sbrsupporting
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“…Furthermore, the amount of land devoted to agricultural uses is still small (7.6 ha per household) in the SBR. These patterns of small-scale farming are consistent with previous research [52,[66][67][68], which reported similar values for other areas in the EAR.…”
Section: Small-scale Agriculture In the Sbrsupporting
“…Table 1 presents summary results for input use and mean levels of socioeconomic, demographic, and land use variables from each of the settler and indigenous surveys. Earlier studies discuss differences between most of the household-level predictors over time, which are therefore not elaborated upon here (Sellers et al 2017;Gray et al 2008).…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
“…These indigenous populations are growing rapidly (at about 3% per year in recent decades) as a result of continuing high fertility (mean total fertility rate of 7 births per woman in 2012; Davis et al, 2015) and declines in mortality due to widespread programs of vaccination, sedentarization with communal land entitlements, provision of primary schools, as well as reductions in warfare (Lu et al, 2012). Among settlers in the NEA, land use practices have changed over time, involving both intensification and extensification (Pan and Bilsborrow, 2005;Sellers et al, 2017). Since the beginning of our study, the majority of the large farms of about 50 hectares owned by the initial settlers have been subdivided as the population of the region has grown.…”
Section: Settlement and Land Use Practices In The Northern Ecuadorian Amazonmentioning
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