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The development of hybrid satellite-terrestrial relay networks (HSTRNs) is one of the driving forces for revolutionizing satellite communications in the modern era. Although there are many unique features of conventional satellite networks, their evolution pace is much slower than the terrestrial wireless networks. As a result, it is becoming more important to use HSTRNs for the seamless integration of terrestrial cellular and satellite communications. With this intent, this paper provides a comprehensive performance evaluation of HSTRNs employing non-orthogonal multiple access technique. The terrestrial relay is considered to be wireless-powered and harvests energy from the radio signal of the satellite. For the sake of comparison, both amplify-and-forward (AF) and decode-and-forward (DF) relaying protocols are considered. Subsequently, the closed-form expressions of outage probabilities and ergodic capacities are derived for each relaying protocol. Extensive simulations are performed to verify the accuracy of the obtained closed-form expressions. The results provided in this work characterize the outage and capacity performance of such a HSTRN.
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Satellite communication has attracted great interests due to extensive coverage and no terrain restriction, which can make up for the shortcomings of terrestrial communication, especially in remote areas. Hence, integrated satellite-terrestrial relay network (ISTRN) is considered as a promising research direction. However, the shortage of spectrum resources is becoming the bottleneck of the future development of ISTRN because of the low utilization of spectrum. In this regard, non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) scheme and cognitive radio are considered as great ways to solve this problem. This paper investigates the performance of a NOMA-based ISTRN under spectrum sharing environment with primary interference. Particularly, the exact closed-form expressions of outage probability and ergodic capacity are derived to evaluate the system performance, where the interference constraint caused by the multiple primary users and the interference of primary transmitter have been considered. Furthermore, in order to reveal the impacts of key parameters on system performance at high signal-to-noise ratios efficiently, the asymptotic analysis of OP is also provided. After that, we obtain the relationship between system performance and the power allocation factor, the number of primary users, interference parameter or the channel environment, which will enlighten the research of NOMA-based cognitive ISTRN. At last, Monte Carlo results are provided to verify the effectiveness of our theoretical analysis.
INDEX TERMSIntegrated satellite-terrestrial relay network (ISTRN), Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA), Cognitive radio (CR), Primary interference (PI).
This Letter investigates the impacts of hardware impairments (HIs) and channel estimation errors (CEEs) on the secrecy performance of satellite communication networks with one legitimate user and one eavesdropper. Particularly, the authors derive the closed‐form expression for the secrecy outage probability (SOP) of the considered secrecy satellite communication networks. Besides, in order to research the impact of the HIs and CEEs at high signal‐to‐noise ratios, they obtain the asymptotic expression for the SOP, which gives efficient and fast method to evaluate the effect of the considered system parameters on the secrecy system performance. At last, Monte Carlo computer results are given to verify the effects of HIs and CEEs on the secrecy system performance.
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