2008
DOI: 10.1177/0022219408317860 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: The study examined perceptions of family relationships and communication in 52 families who have an adolescent child diagnosed with learning disabilities (LD) with a matched group of 52 families who have a child without LD. Parents and youth completed a self-reported Family Relations and Communication Scales assessment. Findings revealed parents perceived their child as either overinvolved or underinvolved with their parents and not sharing the same values and norms as their parents. Findings indicated that pa… Show more

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“…Teacher ratings are provided on a 4-point Likert-type scale ranging from 1 ( never ) to 4 ( always ). Internal consistency alpha for this subscale was .95 (Gresham & Elliot, 2008). The Cronbach’s alpha from the current sample was .93.…”
Section: Methodsmentioning
“…Moreover, relationship difficulties between parents and children are a risk factor for maladjustment across social, emotional, and behavioral domains (Al-Yagon & Mikulincer, 2004; Murray & Greenberg, 2006). A comparison study of parent–child communication found that parents of children with disabilities reported more problematic relationship patterns than did parents of children without disabilities (Heiman, Zinck, & Health, 2008).…”
Section: Multiple Relationshipsmentioning
“…Several previous studies suggest disruptive behavior in later childhood and adolescence is stable (NICHD ECCRN, 2004), but recent longitudinal studies indicate disruptive behavior is relatively volatile through middle childhood (Campbell, 2002;NICHD ECCRN, 2004). Research indicates that several factors place children at-risk for stable elevated levels of disruptive behavior (e.g., Belsky, 1984;Bronfenbrenner, 1979;Mesman et al, 2009): challenging temperaments (Calkins, 1994;Campbell, 2002;Denham et al, 2000;Rubin et al, 2003); a depressed parent; and a parent with low levels of parenting efficacy, who does not believe he or she can manage their children's behavior (MacPhee, Fritz, & Miller-Heyl, 1996;Shumow & Lomax, 2002). Interestingly, parenting efficacy has been found to mediate associations between family income and children's socioemotional adjustment.…”
Section: Behavior Problems In Childhood: Trajectories and Influencesmentioning
“…Margalit et al (1999) suggested that overemphasis on control and organization is likely to act as an adaptive response against the difficulties associated with the child's disability. Further research reported that families of youth with LD are characterized with high levels of rigidity, dominance, and conflict avoidance as well as decreased cooperation, expressiveness, and independence (Heiman et al, 2008). Vol.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
“…Por ora, importa ressaltar que, na concepção pragmática, a comunicação e o comportamento tornam-se sinônimos, pois "todo o comportamento, e não somente o discurso, é comunicação, e toda comunicação -mesmo os signos que marcam a comunicação num contexto impessoal -afeta o comportamento" (Watzlawick, Beavin & Jackson, 1973, p. 16). Desta forma, é possível compreender por que o processo de se comunicar é condição necessária para a socialização e o desenvolvimento dos seres humanos (Alarcão, 2006;Heiman, Zinck & Heath, 2008;Portugal & Alberto, 2010).…”
Section: Introductionunclassified