2008
DOI: 10.1590/s1519-38292008000400003
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Pacifier use as a risk factor for reduction in breastfeeding duration: a systematic review

Abstract: This systematic review of literature proposes to establish whether pacifier use is a risk factor for a reduction in the duration of breastfeeding. A search of the Medline and Lilacs databases was carried out for articles published between 1996 and 2006 using the following descriptors: "breastfeeding" and "pacifier". Articles were excluded if they: had no open access abstracts; did not contain estimators testing the degree of association between breastfeeding duration and pacifier use; involved a follow-up loss… Show more

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Cited by 11 publications
(10 citation statements)
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“…However, its mechanism of action remains unclear. 24 Some authors suggest that the use of pacifier may lead to early weaning 15 , whereas others believe that it is the early termination of exclusive breastfeeding that leads to the use of pacifiers 25 .…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…However, its mechanism of action remains unclear. 24 Some authors suggest that the use of pacifier may lead to early weaning 15 , whereas others believe that it is the early termination of exclusive breastfeeding that leads to the use of pacifiers 25 .…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Additionally, throughout life, breastfeeding duration is associated with lower levels of cholesterol and cardiovascular diseases in adulthood ( 3 ) . Given the relevance of breastfeeding for the conjunctural development of the human being, both in childhood and in adulthood, empirical studies have been conducted to explain the possible risk and protective factors related to the duration of this practice ( 4 ) .…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Studies with cohort ( 5 ) and sectional ( 6 - 8 ) epidemiological design, as well as clinical trials ( 9 ) , have been useful to measure what determines early weaning. In these investigations, statistical analyses have varied between and within the types of study, since the techniques include univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses ( 4 ) . Logistic regression models (LRMs) and Cox regression models (CRMs) have been used to adjust results for variables and consider the influence of confounding factors.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…These alterations end up causing bone and muscle disorders and malocclusion in the child. 8,9 Nutritive or non-nutritive sucking habits, besides their proven effect on the child's oral health, interfere with the child's general health status, leading mothers to adopt practices that are deleterious to the health of newborns, such as the reduction of breastfeeding duration, 10 triggering a series of health risks and also increasing the risk of death. 11 Malocclusion is a disorder affecting normal development of the occlusion and has a multifactorial etiology.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%