volume 99, issue 3, P445-453 1997
DOI: 10.1542/peds.99.3.445
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C. G. Victora, D. P. Behague, F. C. Barros, M. T. A. Olinto, E. Weiderpass

Abstract: Pacifiers may be an effective weaning mechanism used by mothers who have explicit or implicit difficulties in breastfeeding, but they are much less likely to affect infants whose mothers are confident about nursing. Breastfeeding promotion campaigns aimed specifically at reducing pacifier use will fail unless they also help women face the challenges of nursing and address their anxieties. The combination of epidemiologic and ethnographic methods was essential for understanding the complex relations between pac…

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