Problem statement:This study aims to discuss several issues on session initiation protocol security and threats. An in-depth investigation related to SIP with the intention to categorize the wide variety of SIP security issues. Approach: Related papers to the infrastructure of SIP security were analyzed. Some of the identified issues are: Social threats, eavesdropping, delaying, modification of media session, service abuse threats, physical access threats and denied services threats. Results and Conclusion: A useful categorization of SIP security issues has been done. The vulnerabilities of existing SIP infrastructure and possible remedies are discussed. It is confirmed that, message attacks are the most dominant category of SIP attacks.