Chingju Lin, Phillip Lamoureux, Robert E. Buxbaum, Steven R. Heidemann
Abstract:Mechanical tension is a potent stimulator of axonal growth rate, which is also stimulated by osmotic dilution. We wished to determine the relationship, if any, between osmotic stimulation and tensile regulation of axonal growth. We used calibrated glass needles to apply constant force to elongate axons of cultured chick sensory neurons. We find that a neurite being pulled at a constant force will grow 50-300% faster following a 50% dilution of inorganic ions in the culture medium. That is, osmotic dilution app…
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