The batch production of gluconic acid in the presence of glucose, sucrose and molasses was investigated using free mycelia of Aspergillus foetidus NRRL 337 in shake flasks. Eight growth parameters were chosen as independent variables. The temperature. pH, substrate type and initial concentrations, inoculum percentage and shake rate directly affected the specific microorganism growth and gluconic acid production rates. The optimum temperature and initial pH values were found to be 33 "C and five to six. respec…
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