2021
DOI: 10.1590/0102-311x00294720
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Conceição Christina Rigo Vale,
Nubia Karla de Oliveira Almeida,
Renan Moritz Varnier Rodrigues de Almeida

Abstract: Abstract: This study illustrates the use of a recently developed sensitivity index, the E-value, helpful in strengthening causal inferences in observational epidemiological studies. The E-value aims to determine the minimum required strength of association between an unmeasured confounder and an exposure/outcome to explain the observed association as non-causal. Such parameter is defined as E - v a l u e = R R + R R R R - 1, where RR is the risk ratio between the exposure and the outcome. Our work illustr…

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