DOI: 10.1029/2004je002308
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Abstract: [1] We developed models for unary nucleation of water and carbon dioxide in the Martian atmosphere. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation on dust particles were studied. Our models are based on classical theory. We compare results of different adsorption approaches. Heterogeneous nucleation on the abundant dust particles seems to be the primary mechanism of both H 2 O and CO 2 cloud formation in the Martian atmosphere. Heterogeneous nucleation is obtained at a saturation ratio of about 1.18 for H 2 O …

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