This research seeks to review the growing literature on modern criminal evidence and the role of technological advancement in forensic science. We reviewed 114 forensic science studies based on a systematic literature review approach. The studies provide supporting evidence that technological advancement has permitted improved progress on modern criminal evidence. The analysis cybercrime and related offenses pose a global danger to many private and corporate entities around the world. Some nations (e.g., Algeria) have adopted the notion of proof-free prosecution, which means that there is no exception to the rule in modern criminal legislation comparison as a result of the necessity to adapt and cope with changes in all parts of one's existence. Also, conventional crimes, such as fraud and money laundering, have been creatively changed into new forms by the rising popularity of the Internet. Fruitful directions for further studies and implications for policymakers were discussed.