PLoS ONE volume 9, issue 6, Pe98375 2014 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098375 View full text
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Ana S. B. Rodrigues, Sara E. Silva, Eduardo Marabuto, Diogo N. Silva, Mike R. Wilson, Vinton Thompson, Selçuk Yurtsever, Antti Halkka, Paulo A. V. Borges, José A. Quartau, Octávio S. Paulo, Sofia G. Seabra

Abstract: Philaenus spumarius is a widespread insect species in the Holarctic region. Here, by focusing on the mtDNA gene COI but also using the COII and Cyt b genes and the nuclear gene EF-1α, we tried to explain how and when its current biogeographic pattern evolved by providing time estimates of the main demographic and evolutionary events and investigating its colonization patterns in and out of Eurasia. Evidence of recent divergence and expansion events at less than 0.5 Ma ago indicate that climate fluctuations in…

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