2019
DOI: 10.1002/ecy.2663
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NEOTROPICAL XENARTHRANS: a data set of occurrence of xenarthran species in the Neotropics

Abstract: Xenarthrans—anteaters, sloths, and armadillos—have essential functions for ecosystem maintenance, such as insect control and nutrient cycling, playing key roles as ecosystem engineers. Because of habitat loss and fragmentation, hunting pressure, and conflicts with domestic dogs, these species have been threatened locally, regionally, or even across their full distribution ranges. The Neotropics harbor 21 species of armadillos, 10 anteaters, and 6 sloths. Our data set includes the families Chlamyphoridae (13), … Show more

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Cited by 54 publications
(40 citation statements)
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“…The "Giant Anteater Reintroduction Project" started in 2007 and aims to repopulate a native territory for M. tridactyla. Even though it is known that for all xenarthran species the major threats are habitat loss resulting from fragmentation, domestic and feral dog attacks, roadkill, subsistence hunting, illegal capture and fires [11], the role of unstudied pathogens and the spillover effect from domestic animals to wildlife should be studied, especially in this recently reintroduced giant anteater subpopulation.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…The "Giant Anteater Reintroduction Project" started in 2007 and aims to repopulate a native territory for M. tridactyla. Even though it is known that for all xenarthran species the major threats are habitat loss resulting from fragmentation, domestic and feral dog attacks, roadkill, subsistence hunting, illegal capture and fires [11], the role of unstudied pathogens and the spillover effect from domestic animals to wildlife should be studied, especially in this recently reintroduced giant anteater subpopulation.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The giant anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla (Xenarthra, Myrmecophagidae) is the species with most records (n = 5941) among anteaters in the Neotropics and, like other Xenarthrans (sloths, armadillos and other anteaters), has essential functions for ecosystem maintenance, such as insect control and nutrient cycling, playing key roles as ecosystem engineers [11]. In Argentina, M. tridactyla is distributed in the north of the country [11] and currently there is a reintroduction program that aims to re populate a native territory in Corrientes province.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Es un armadillo pequeño que pesa entre 2.5 y 3.5 kg; se distingue por su cabeza y hocico cortos y anchos, caparazón con 12 o 13 bandas y con escamas óseas de forma casi cuadrangular, cola corta y desprovista de placas epidérmicas, y garra del tercer dedo de las patas anteriores relativamente grande (Aranda y March 1987;Cuarón 2005). Su distribución conocida comprende desde el norte de Chiapas, México, hasta Venezuela y Ecuador, desde el nivel del mar hasta los 3.018 msnm (Eisenberg 1989;Hayssen et al 2012;Juárez-López et al 2017;Santos et al 2019). Se ha registrado en diferentes tipos de bosque tropical, así como en vegetación secundaria, sabanas, pastizales y agroecosistemas (Eisenberg 1989;Cuarón 2005;Cruz-Rodríguez et al 2011;Hayssen et al 2012;Sánchez-Brenes & Monge 2019).…”
unclassified
“…En México se registró por primera vez en 1989 en la región conocida como Selva Lacandona con base en un individuo vivo confiscado en octubre de 1986 procedente de San Javier, localidad cercana al sitio arqueológico de Bonampak, en una zona adyacente a la parte norte de la Reserva de la Biósfera Montes Azules (REBIMA), en el municipio de Ocosingo (Cuarón et al 1989) (Figura 1). Desde entonces, se han obtenido aproximadamente 60 registros de la especie en diferentes puntos del estado, principalmente alrededor de la REBIMA y sitios adyacentes, cerca de los límites con Guatemala (Naranjo et al 2004;González-Zamora et al 2011;Garmendia et al 2013;Figueroa-De León et al 2016;Juárez-López et al 2017;Santos et al 2019 El 19 de abril del 2020, cerca de las 13:00 horas, se registró la presencia de un individuo adulto de C. centralis (Figura 2), el cual se encontró en una cavidad en el suelo y posteriormente fue capturado por trabajadores de campo en un fragmento de vegetación secundaria (acahual) en el Rancho Los Pastores, en el ejido Jilumil, municipio de Salto de Agua, en el norte de Chiapas, a una altitud de 60 msnm (17.426150, -92.246310 WGS84). Creyendo que se trataba del armadillo común (D. novemcinctus), dichos trabajadores lo extrajeron de la cavidad con ayuda de una pala coa.…”
unclassified
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