volume 146, issue 5, Pe2020029074 2020
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2020-029074
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Stephen W. Patrick, Wanda D. Barfield, Brenda B. Poindexter

Abstract: The opioid crisis has grown to affect pregnant women and infants across the United States, as evidenced by rising rates of opioid use disorder among pregnant women and neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome among infants. Across the country, pregnant women lack access to evidence-based therapies, including medications for opioid use disorder, and infants with opioid exposure frequently receive variable care. In addition, public systems, such as child welfare and early intervention, are increasingly stretched by i…

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