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“…Nevertheless, naltrexone stimulated LH release in acutely restrained rats. These results suggest, in accordance with other authors [14][15][16], a mediatory role of endogenous opiates on gonadotropin secre tion during acute stress. Previous studies have shown that in the nonstressed rats [3-endorphin is the endogenous opioid that plays a major role in the control of LH secretion [40][41][42].…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
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“…Nevertheless, naltrexone stimulated LH release in acutely restrained rats. These results suggest, in accordance with other authors [14][15][16], a mediatory role of endogenous opiates on gonadotropin secre tion during acute stress. Previous studies have shown that in the nonstressed rats [3-endorphin is the endogenous opioid that plays a major role in the control of LH secretion [40][41][42].…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
“…A mediatory role for endogenous opioids in acute stressinduced decrease in LH secretion has been proposed [14][15][16], These studies were performed in gonadectomized animals, since acute stress in the intact rats evoked a significant increase in plasma LH [33][34][35][36], In our experiments, orchidectomy was able to block the stimulatory effect of restraint on plasma LH concentrations observed in the intact animals submitted to the same stress procedure [17], but we failed to find a decrease in LH secretion in orchidectomized rats. It cannot be argued that our acute restraint was not stressful, since a marked increase in circulating PRL was observed.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
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“…The doses of naloxone utilized in the present study were comparable to those used in previous studies to in crease LH pulse frequency during the luteal phase in fe male rhesus monkeys [20,21], to block the effects of so cial and restraint stress in female marmosets [8], and to block the effects of the stress of anesthetic darting in freeranging male baboons [9]. The ability of these doses of naloxone to increase LH secretion in several physiologi cal and stressed states supports the conclusion that the doses of naloxone administered in the present study should have been adequate to reverse fasting-induced suppression of LH secretion if the sole cause of sup pressed LH secretion was increased activity of endoge nous opioid peptides.…”
Section: Discussionsupporting
“…There is abundant evidence that an increase in the ac tivity of the central endogenous opioid peptide systems plays a role in many forms of stress-induced inhibition of LH secretion, primarily provided by studies examining the ability of naloxone, an opiate receptor antagonist, to reverse stress-induced inhibition of LH secretion. Nalox one has been shown to reverse the slowing of LH secre tion induced by foot-shock stress [7], aggression [8], and anesthesia [9], in both primate and non-primate species, indicating that an increase in the activity of opioid neu ronal systems during these stress situations does indeed play a role in the suppression of LH secretion.…”
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