2023
DOI: 10.1007/7854_2023_423
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Monitoring Brain Activity in VR: EEG and Neuroimaging

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Cited by 3 publications
(4 citation statements)
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“…20 Finally, fMRI scans restrict the user to a supine position within a noisy MRI room, potentially diminishing the level of immersion experienced by the user in the simulated virtual environment. 21 Over the past decade, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) has attracted much attention in iVR studies. 22,23 fNIRS is a noninvasive, flexible, and low-cost brain imaging technique that employs low energy near-infrared light to quantify cortical hemodynamic variations in terms of oxygenated hemoglobin (HbO) and deoxygenated hemoglobin (HbR) concentration changes.…”
Section: Brain Measuresmentioning
confidence: 99%
See 1 more Smart Citation
“…20 Finally, fMRI scans restrict the user to a supine position within a noisy MRI room, potentially diminishing the level of immersion experienced by the user in the simulated virtual environment. 21 Over the past decade, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) has attracted much attention in iVR studies. 22,23 fNIRS is a noninvasive, flexible, and low-cost brain imaging technique that employs low energy near-infrared light to quantify cortical hemodynamic variations in terms of oxygenated hemoglobin (HbO) and deoxygenated hemoglobin (HbR) concentration changes.…”
Section: Brain Measuresmentioning
confidence: 99%
“… 20 Finally, fMRI scans restrict the user to a supine position within a noisy MRI room, potentially diminishing the level of immersion experienced by the user in the simulated virtual environment. 21 …”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Another commonly used modality for evaluating cognitive processes is electroencephalography (EEG). Recently, it has been used more frequently in combination with XR headset application, chosen for its mobility, real-time capabilities, and low-cost point (Ocklenburg and Peterburs, 2023 ). By amplifying the fast changes in electrical cortical activity recorded over electrodes attached non-invasively to the scalp, it becomes possible to derive corresponding cortical processes at high temporal resolution (Jackson and Bolger, 2014 ).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The review suggested that VR can optimize motor learning by manipulating the practice conditions that engage different learning mechanisms, such as motivational, cognitive, motor control and sensory feedback-based mechanisms. Authors in (Ocklenburg & Peterburs, 2023) described the use of EEG and neuroimaging methods to monitor brain activity in VR, and reviewed some applications of VR in neuroscience, such as studying the neural correlates of presence, embodiment, social cognition and memory. The chapter also suggested that VR can provide a powerful tool for exploring the neural mechanisms underlying human behaviour and cognition within ecologically environments.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%