Journal of Monetary Economics 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2019.09.005 View full text
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Philippe Bacchetta, Kenza Benhima, Yannick Kalantzis

Abstract: In this paper we analyze the implications of a persistent liquidity trap in a monetary model with asset scarcity and price exibility. We show that a liquidity trap leads to an increase in cash holdings and may be associated with a long-term output decline. This long-term impact is a supply-side eect that may arise when agents are heterogeneous. It occurs in particular with a persistent deleveraging shock, leading investors to hold cash yielding a low return. Policy implications dier from shorter-run analyses. …

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