40th International Conference on Environmental Systems 2010
DOI: 10.2514/6.2010-6304 View full text |Buy / Rent full text
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Abstract: In aircraft cabins during cruise conditions at high altitude, common operative values for cabin pressure and relative humidity are significantly lower than those at sea level. In this paper, the impact of cabin pressure and humidity on thermal comfort is investigated using a physics-based multi-node human thermoregulation model. The objective of developing an enhanced thermoregulation model is to support the envelope determination of environmental cabin parameters for maximum occupant well-being. Enhancements … Show more

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“…In the ASHRAE (2009), the equations which reflect the influence of pressure change on both convective and evaporative heat transfer coefficient are provided based on which researchers have conducted further studies and proposed revised versions of the equations which could apply to different conditions (Chang and Santee, 1996;de Dear et al, 1997;Kreith and Black, 1980;Li et al, 2009). In addition to heat transfer coefficients, researchers (Havenith et al, 1999;Kozak and Majchrzycka, 2001;Muijden, 2011) have also studied the influence of pressure change on clothing moisture transfer characteristics and confirmed the relationship between pressure and the vapor permeation coefficient. Other researchers (Hu et al, 2009a(Hu et al, ,b, 2010Liu et al, 2009;Wang et al, 2010;Zhang et al, 2009) investigated the influence of pressure on human subjective parameters, such as thermal sensation, as well as on physiological parameters, such as skin temperature and heart rate.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
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“…In the ASHRAE (2009), the equations which reflect the influence of pressure change on both convective and evaporative heat transfer coefficient are provided based on which researchers have conducted further studies and proposed revised versions of the equations which could apply to different conditions (Chang and Santee, 1996;de Dear et al, 1997;Kreith and Black, 1980;Li et al, 2009). In addition to heat transfer coefficients, researchers (Havenith et al, 1999;Kozak and Majchrzycka, 2001;Muijden, 2011) have also studied the influence of pressure change on clothing moisture transfer characteristics and confirmed the relationship between pressure and the vapor permeation coefficient. Other researchers (Hu et al, 2009a(Hu et al, ,b, 2010Liu et al, 2009;Wang et al, 2010;Zhang et al, 2009) investigated the influence of pressure on human subjective parameters, such as thermal sensation, as well as on physiological parameters, such as skin temperature and heart rate.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
“…The comfort requirements of passengers in an aircraft cabin environment have a direct impact on their travelling experience, which have become one of the most important considerations for passengers to choose airlines and aircraft models, especially for long-distance international flights. 1–3 The air pressure, temperature, humidity and air quality settings of environmental control system (ECS) have a great influence on passenger’s thermal health and comfort, 4–6 while passenger thermal sensation could change during the flight. However, relevant information is still limited on the changes in passenger thermal expectation with flight time in different seasons.…”
Section: Introductionmentioning