Abstract:Surgical treatment of mitral insufficiency and aortic valve stenosis associated with endocardial fibroelastosis has not been well documented. We treated 2 infants with this complex lesion: in one case it was possible to repair the mitral valve. The long-term results are quite encouraging and emphasize that this lesion should be treated early to avoid the risk of compromising the left ventricular function, although the chance of a valve replacement in an infant can be high.
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