AbstractThe direct transfer of genetic material into cells by electroporation can be described in physicochemical terms as an electroporation-resealing hysteresis. The hysteresis concept includes unidirectional state transitions of the membrane, coupled to electrodiffusive migration of DNA through cell wall structures and electroporated plasma membranes. Deeper insight into electroporation phenomena such as electrotransfection, electrofusion and electro-insertion is gained by the inspection of the electrosens…
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