2020 DOI: 10.20944/preprints202009.0481.v1 View full text Preprint
Rehana Leak

Abstract: Many discoveries in the biological sciences have emerged from observational studies, but student researchers also need to learn how to design experiments that distinguish correlation from causation. For example, identifying the physiological mechanism of action of drugs with therapeutic potential requires the establishment of causal links. Only by specifically interfering with the purported mechanisms of action of a drug can the researcher determine how the drug “causes” its physiological e…

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