In order to identify the strategic topics and the thematic evolution structure of data mining applied to healthcare, in this paper, a bibliometric performance and network analysis (BPNA) was conducted. For this purpose, 6138 articles were sourced from the Web of Science covering the period from 1995 to July 2020 and the SciMAT software was used. Our results present a strategic diagram composed of 19 themes, of which the 8 motor themes (‘NEURAL-NETWORKS’, ‘CANCER’, ‘ELETRONIC-HEALTH-RECORDS’, ‘DIABETES-MELLITUS’, ‘ALZHEIMER’S-DISEASE’, ‘BREAST-CANCER’, ‘DEPRESSION’, and ‘RANDOM-FOREST’) are depicted in a thematic network. An in-depth analysis was carried out in order to find hidden patterns and to provide a general perspective of the field. The thematic network structure is arranged thusly that its subjects are organized into two different areas, i) practices and techniques related to data mining in healthcare, and ii) health concepts and disease supported by data mining, embodying, respectively, the hotspots related to the data mining and medical scopes, hence demonstrating the field’s evolution over time. Such results make it possible to form the basis for future research and facilitate decision-making by researchers and practitioners, institutions, and governments interested in data mining in healthcare.