2004
DOI: 10.1590/s1678-91992004000100007
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Maintenance of scorpions of the genus Tityus Koch (Scorpiones, Buthidae) for venom obtention at Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil

Abstract: Instituto Butantan, which maintains scorpions in captivity in order to obtain the venom used in the production of anti-arachnid serum. Between 1993 and 2000, the laboratory received 24.781 specimens of Tityus serrulatus in order to obtain poison for the production of anti-scorpion serum. In the first extraction, performed by electrical stimulation, the animals gave an average quantity of 0.4 mg venom per specimen. Animal acquisition and involved professional safety are considered. In addition, the captivity, h… Show more

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Cited by 17 publications
(19 citation statements)
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“…Nevertheless, most of the Costa Rican species tend to fall into cannibalism when kept in captivity, requiring individual maintenance. This feature is contradictory to the reports of the Butantán Institute, where up to 300 scorpions could be maintained in one single box, provided with corrugated cardboard acting as shelter and preventing stress conditions and cannibalism (Candido & Lucas, 2004).…”
Section: Maintenance In Captivitycontrasting
confidence: 64%
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“…Nevertheless, most of the Costa Rican species tend to fall into cannibalism when kept in captivity, requiring individual maintenance. This feature is contradictory to the reports of the Butantán Institute, where up to 300 scorpions could be maintained in one single box, provided with corrugated cardboard acting as shelter and preventing stress conditions and cannibalism (Candido & Lucas, 2004).…”
Section: Maintenance In Captivitycontrasting
confidence: 64%
“…Due to the scorpionism occurrence in Latin America, the need for an antivenom elaboration has emerged. Thus, several commercial antivenoms are produced in different countries such as Brazil (Candido & Lucas, 2004), Mexico (Chippaux & Goyffon, 2008) and Venezuela (Poggioli De Scannone, 1996).…”
Section: Special Articlementioning
confidence: 99%
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“…Many factors determine human health; among them are environmental climatic factors (Steen et al 2004). Understanding how these affect the species that live in the same environment and, thus, determining their better behavior are important so that prevention measures can be taken (Brasil 2001;Candido and Lucas 2002). Prevention is a powerful tool for the quality-of-life improvement for the population through the manipulation of these environmental risk factors (Maciel et al 1999).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%