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citations
Cited by 7 publications
(9 citation statements)
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References 21 publications
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“…1 Sputum status was based on culture, if available, otherwise microscopy. 2 Patients were considered to have sputum-positive tuberculosis, if two samples tested positive or one sample tested positive and a chest X-ray was suggestive of tuberculosis. 3 Patients were considered to have sputum-negative tuberculosis if all the samples were negative, but chest X-ray and clinical suspicion was suggestive of tuberculosis, and there was non-response to a course of broad-spectrum antibiotics.…”
Section: Formatted: English (United States)mentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…1 Sputum status was based on culture, if available, otherwise microscopy. 2 Patients were considered to have sputum-positive tuberculosis, if two samples tested positive or one sample tested positive and a chest X-ray was suggestive of tuberculosis. 3 Patients were considered to have sputum-negative tuberculosis if all the samples were negative, but chest X-ray and clinical suspicion was suggestive of tuberculosis, and there was non-response to a course of broad-spectrum antibiotics.…”
Section: Formatted: English (United States)mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Phosphorus is an essential mineral in the body, being , a structural component of DNA and RNA and of membranes, and important for metabolism and storage of energy (1). Phosphorus is likely to be a limiting nutrient among individuals in low-income settings, since the typical diet is low in animal-source foods and high in cereals (2). Although cereals, including maize, have a high content of phosphorus in the form of phytic acid (, ie inositol hexaphosphate), it is largely unabsorbable (2,3).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…The UNZA research community is envisioned as comprising both UNZA PhD graduates and their mentors who have participated in a shared UVP-supported research training process, have built collaborations with Vanderbilt investigators, [1516171819202122] and are pursuing research careers focused on nutrition/metabolism-related long-term non-communicable complications and comorbidities of HIV. It will take time for these communities to mature, but there is concrete early evidence of it, including UVP students who are farther along in their careers and UVP alumni co-mentoring trainees who are earlier in their studies, and publications and grant applications being submitted by UNZA/Vanderbilt mentor-mentee teams that have convened through UVP support.…”
Section: Resultsmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Previous work from our group has shown increased mortality associated with low serum phosphate (17 % increase/0·1 mmol/l increase) ( 7 ) ; however, analysis of NUSTART patients found significant nonlinear associations between baseline electrolytes and survival and before starting ART, high, rather than low, phosphate appeared to carry a greater risk of death ( 11 ) . In addition, we observed that the LNS-VM decreased renal wasting of K and phosphate but not Mg ( 12 ) . In view of the effects of the LNS-VM intervention on electrolyte metabolism and on the association of electrolyte metabolism with mortality, we conducted a secondary analysis of NUSTART data.…”
mentioning
confidence: 91%