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Cited by 5 publications
(5 citation statements)
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“…U er quantifies change in the built-up areas (combined built-up class) as a percentage of total urban growth in the given interval (Equation ( 1)). This measure can provide direct evidence of demographic pressure and/or governance implications for the land system and helps to evaluate a direct footprint of urbanization [43]. U ei quantifies the change in built-up categories (combined built-up class) between different given points in time as a percentage of the total area in the selected land unit (Equation ( 2)).…”
Section: Measuring Expansion Rate and Intensitymentioning
confidence: 99%
“…U er quantifies change in the built-up areas (combined built-up class) as a percentage of total urban growth in the given interval (Equation ( 1)). This measure can provide direct evidence of demographic pressure and/or governance implications for the land system and helps to evaluate a direct footprint of urbanization [43]. U ei quantifies the change in built-up categories (combined built-up class) between different given points in time as a percentage of the total area in the selected land unit (Equation ( 2)).…”
Section: Measuring Expansion Rate and Intensitymentioning
confidence: 99%
“…We will focus on pluvial flooding, which occurs frequently in urban areas because the infiltration capacity of the ground is very often below the precipitation intensity during rainfalls, which can be caused by artificial surface sealing, for example, by infrastructure [16]. Santiago de Chile is suitable for a case study because winter precipitation leads to regular floods and the urban expansion increases the negative consequences [17]. Retention areas are reduced, and the newly built environment seals the surfaces and hinders infiltration.…”
Section: Flood Risk Perceptionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Retention areas are reduced, and the newly built environment seals the surfaces and hinders infiltration. Thus, these new residential areas are not only more hazard-prone due to their lower elevation in comparison to the rest of the city but the insufficient infiltration even intensifies the impact of the flooding [17]. Moreover, a location near to foothills can also lead to higher runoff rates and thus to pluvial flooding if the infiltration capacity is not sufficient.…”
Section: Flood Risk Perceptionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Este crecimiento demográfico generará una demanda de vivienda en la región que resultará en transformaciones espaciales y funcionales en el uso del suelo, en particular en el cambio de áreas no urbanas (áreas agrícolas, bosques naturales o humedales) en áreas urbanas (por ej., de usos residenciales, industriales y/o de servicios) (Banzhaf et al, 2012). En conjunto, con estos cambios ya se observa la pérdida de servicios ambientales, tales como la infiltración de aguas pluviales, la mitigación de islas de calor y la conservación de la biodiversidad en algunas zonas de la ciudad (Ebert, Welz, Heinrichs, Krellenberg & Hansjürgens, 2010;Krellenberg et al, 2013).…”
Section: La Dimensión Físico-constructiva En Los Patrones De Distribuunclassified