Eur. J. Chem. volume 6, issue 1, P71-77 2015 DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.6.1.71-77.1158

Kinetics of the release of antimony trioxide from the backcoated textile preparation

Raed Ahmad Ghanem
Abstract: Segregation of antimony trioxide (ATO) from back-coated textiles was studied for two types of textile samples: A (ATO-Hexabromocyclododecane) and B (ATO-Decabromodiphenyl ether). Samples A was found to lose 5.3, 12, 28 and 39 %wt:wt of the amount of ATO originally present due to thermal ageing and UV exposure, respectively. Thermal ageing was performed at 25, 60 and 90 °C compared to 11.0, 17.3, 26.0 and 20.4 % wt:wt of ATO for sample B. The release follows first order kinetics with rate constants of 7.59×10 -3 , 1.89×10 -2 , 4.80×10 -2 and 2.60×10 -2 day -1 , respectively, for type A and 9.20×10 -3 , 2.06×10 -2 , 4.10×10 -2 and 3.83×10 -2 day -1 for type B aged at 25, 60, 90 °C and UV exposure, respectively. Migration of ATO from the backcoated textile into simulated biological fluids was also studied for different type of samples under different ageing conditions using Head-over-Heels and contact blotting tests. The presence of biological fluids enhances the migration of ATO.
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