volume 29, issue 6, P778-784 2015
DOI: 10.3109/02688697.2015.1109062
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Abstract: James Hill (1703-1776) was a surgeon from Dumfries in Scotland who can lay claim to being the first to treat head injury patients in a thoroughly modern manner. He was highly regarded in his lifetime and for a century afterwards but has subsequently been forgotten. He had the lowest surgical mortality for trepanation of any surgeon of his time. He uniquely presented his results after a lengthy follow-up of many years. His management of cranial fractures was advanced. He did not use the trepan for fissures as o…

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