The irradiation test of HTR-10 spherical fuel elements was carried out in the Russian IVV-2M research reactor with the irradiation temperature of 1000 ± 50 • C. After the burnup reached 100,000 MWd/t, the irradiation temperature was raised to a higher temperature. The high R/B levels observed during the normal irradiation test were due to manufacture defects of one to four coated particles. Post-irradiation examination indicated that at normal irradiation condition, the pyrolytic carbon (PyC) and silicon carb…
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