DOI: 10.1029/2004jd005500
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Abstract: Surface soil moisture and temperature have been widely addressed in land surface processes modeling and satellite remote sensing because they play a key role in land surface energy and water budget. However, it is rather difficult for some land surface models to reproduce the surface soil state in areas with high soil vertical heterogeneity because these models use a single parameter set to characterize soil hydraulic and thermal processes. This study develops a single‐source land surface model to parameterize…

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