2009
DOI: 10.1590/s1413-81232009000400022
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Abstract: The National Environmental Policy Act and related state laws require many public agencies to analyze and disclose potentially significant environmental effects of agency actions, including effects on human health. In this paper we review the purpose and procedures of environmental impact assessment (EIA), existing regulatory requirements for health effects analysis, and potential barriers to and opportunities for improving integration of human health concerns within the EIA process. We use statutes, regulation… Show more

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Cited by 13 publications
(7 citation statements)
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References 18 publications
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“…The pressing challenge of environmental change is underlining the need for environmental interventions with dual conservation and human health goals (e.g. Bhatia and Wernham 2009 ; Costello et al 2009 ; Harris et al 2009 ). Yet the natural environment remains poorly integrated into health research and policy (Lang and Rayner 2012 ; Reis et al 2013 ).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…The pressing challenge of environmental change is underlining the need for environmental interventions with dual conservation and human health goals (e.g. Bhatia and Wernham 2009 ; Costello et al 2009 ; Harris et al 2009 ). Yet the natural environment remains poorly integrated into health research and policy (Lang and Rayner 2012 ; Reis et al 2013 ).…”
Section: Introductionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…HIAs offer great potential for promoting health by encouraging decisions that protect and enhance health and health equity. 3,4 There is increasing recognition that many contemporary health issues are profoundly influenced by factors outside the traditional realm of health and health care. Factors such as literacy, poverty, employment, and racism contribute to disparities in life expectancy as well as to health-related quality of life.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Although most EISs in the United States incorporate little about health effects, experience in California and Alaska has demonstrated that a wide range of health effects can be successfully integrated into the EIS process. 3 Beyond increasing attention to health outcomes within EISs, the potential applications of HIAs are clearly evident. For example, although air pollution and injury prevention are often considered in major transportation projects, the influence of road design on physical activity and obesity is not.…”
mentioning
confidence: 99%
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