DOI: 10.1029/2004jd005587
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Abstract: [1] Active volcanoes in the Vanuatu archipelago permanently generate infrasonic waves. Their monitoring over 1 year exhibits clear seasonal trends in the direction of arrival of the detected signals. From summer to winter the azimuth variation reaches 15°. This deviation is essentially due to the reversibility of the zonal stratospheric wind with season which strongly affects the deflection of the ray direction. A three-dimensional (3-D) raytracing modeling roughly explains the observed seasonal trend in the …

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