volume 294, issue 6588, P1648-1651 1987
DOI: 10.1136/bmj.294.6588.1648
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P H Winocour, P N Durrington, M Ishola, D C Anderson, H Cohen

Abstract: AbstractPatients with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus who develop proteinuria may die prematurely, whereas those who do not develop this complication have a comparatively normal life span. The excess mortality in diabetics with proteinuria is from cardiovascular as well as renal disease, but the reason is unclear. Risk factors for vascular disease were therefore assessed in 22 insulin dependent diabetics with proteinuria, but not renal failure, who were matched for sex, age, duration of diabetes, and glyc…

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