1939
DOI: 10.1001/archderm.1939.01480190058005
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Industrial Dermatitis and Melanosis Due to Photosensitization

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Cited by 36 publications
(6 citation statements)
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“…[13,14] Cosmetic allergens, include red and yellow pigments, chromium hydroxide, aniline and azo dyes, bactericidal agents (carbanilides, ricinoleic acids), hair dyes, red kumkum, [15] and fragrances. Textile allergens include optical whiteners, dyes, textile finishes, mercury compounds, formaldehyde, and rubber components.…”
Section: Etiologymentioning
confidence: 99%
“…[13,14] Cosmetic allergens, include red and yellow pigments, chromium hydroxide, aniline and azo dyes, bactericidal agents (carbanilides, ricinoleic acids), hair dyes, red kumkum, [15] and fragrances. Textile allergens include optical whiteners, dyes, textile finishes, mercury compounds, formaldehyde, and rubber components.…”
Section: Etiologymentioning
confidence: 99%
“…No other coal liquefaction-derived materials have been evaluated in this assay; how-ever, there is evidence to suggest that crude shale oils and possibly crude petroleum oils may exhibit phototoxic properties (14). Materials derived from distillation of coal have been reported as phototoxic in humans (4)(5)(6) and in animals (8,9,(15)(16)(17). Crude coal tar is commonly used as a positive control material for phototoxicity studies.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
“…Pure compounds including phenanthrene and acridine have been shown to induce phototoxic reactions in human skin (6). The EDS liquids which boil above 200°C contain appreciable concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and each of these liquids contains approximately 2000--3000 ppm of 3ring aromatic hydrocarbons, primarily phenanthrene.…”
Section: Discussionmentioning
confidence: 99%
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“…The action spectrum of pitch was determined by monochromator studies and was found to be in the region of 340-430 nm (Crow et al, 1961). The photosensitizers in pitch are thought to be compounds such as acridene, anthracene and phenanthrene (Foerster & Schwartz, 1939;Schwartz, Tulipan & Birmingham, 1957). These compounds and others to be found in coal tar can produce phototoxic reactions.…”
Section: Tars Pitch and Crude Oil Derivativesmentioning
confidence: 99%