2009 DOI: 10.3386/w15466
Pierre Azoulay, Joshua S. Graff Zivin, Gustavo Manso
Abstract:

AbstractDespite its presumed role as an engine of economic growth, we know surprisingly little about the drivers of scientific creativity. We exploit key differences across funding streams within the academic life sciences to estimate the impact of incentives on the rate and direction of scientific exploration. Specifically, we study the careers of investigators of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), which tolerates early failure, rewards long-term success, and gives its appointees great freedom t…

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